Thursday, October 7, 2010

Ubuntu vs Kubuntu

Kubuntu is an official derivative of the Ubuntu operating system using the KDE Software Compilation instead of the GNOME graphical environment. It is part of the Ubuntu project and uses the same underlying system. It is possible to run both the KDE desktop (kubuntu-desktop) as well as the Gnome desktop (ubuntu-desktop) interchangeably on the same machine. Every package in Kubuntu shares the same repositories as Ubuntu. It is released regularly on the same schedule as Ubuntu.

Differences from Ubuntu

A regular installation of Ubuntu uses the GNOME desktop, GTK+/GNOME applications and packages (e.g. Evolution), and GTK+/GNOME-based admin tools (e.g. Synaptic Package Manager). In contrast, a regular installation of Kubuntu uses KDE's plasma desktop, KDE/Qt applications and packages (e.g. Kontact), and KDE/Qt admin tools (e.g. KPackageKit). Nevertheless, Kubuntu users can install and use any GNOME/GTK-based package that is available in the Ubuntu repositories, and Ubuntu/GNOME users similarly can install and use any KDE/Qt-based package. One may install Ubuntu and then add the KDE Software Compilation, for example, or can install the entire Kubuntu desktop 'metapackage' on top of Ubuntu. (There is a slight disadvantage to installing and using both the GNOME desktop and the KDE plasma desktop, however, namely the increased diskspace and memory requirements of running both GTK/GNOME and Qt/KDE.)

The Kubuntu desktop is fully customizable. Originally designed to ease transition for users from other operating systems (such as Microsoft Windows) by allowing a similar desktop layout, the KDE Plasma Desktop incorporates widget-centric modularity that allows the user to incorporate function similar to all other operating systems and also create new functionality not found in other operating system desktops. 3-D effects are available in the standard KDE SC 4 installation.

Source: Kubuntu - Wikipedia